These items at Smith’s Tavern were handmade by a blacksmith. Horseshoes are a fabricated product, normally made of metal and designed to protect a horse’s hoof from wear. Horseshoes are attached on the palmar surface (ground side) of the hooves, usually nailed through the insensitive hoof wall that is anatomically akin to the human toenail, although much larger and thicker. However, there are also cases where shoes were glued.
The fitting of horseshoes is a professional occupation, conducted by a farrier, who specializes in the preparation of feet, assessing potential lameness issues, and fitting appropriate shoes, including remedial features where required.