An adze consists of a slightly shaped, pole-like wooden handle and a metal blade. The blade head is fitted securely at one end of the handle by means of a hole in the blade head slotting over the end of the handle. The blade is set perpendicular to the handle.
There are a variety of types of adze. The variation of adze is determined by the blade and in some cases, the handle length. The adze at Smith Tavern is a long handle adze is also known as a two-handed adze.
An adze is used for removing lots of wood stock very quickly and fairly accurately, it is used for carving, shaping and hollowing work, it can also be used for smoothing work.