This tool at Smith’s Tavern is the American version of the felling axe. It has a long, slightly curved wooden handle with a heavy steel axe head with a poll - the extension of the head beyond the handle. This axe was durable but not as sharp as its English cousin. A dull blade could chop while a broken one could not. It was used for chopping trees, scoring logs and splitting firewood.
This axe has the Hudson Bay pattern known by their roughly 2-pound weight, teardrop-shaped eye, flat poll and swept-back design.