These tools at Smith’s Tavern are felling hatchets: the one on Panel 17 is a long handle version while the other has a shorter handle. The long-handled hatchet has an etching on the slightly curved blade that reads “T. Cole” and “Cast Steel”.
Felling axes or hatchets were single bit, which means they had a cutting edge on one side and a flat hammer-like head called the poll, or butt, at the other. Its blade is double bevelled, meaning sharp on both sides. Steel blades were not only more durable than iron, but they could also be sharpened to a finer edge.